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3D Printer Design

Apr 29 2 min read

Here is a sketch of the 3D Printer design I would like to print my lego bricks with. This is how I visualize the 3D Printer would be. The printer has constrained linear motion along X or Y Axis over a long Lab Bench like table. The surface of the bench has cooling air and water mechanism (not shown). The user and CAD control screen will be on the right. The model and reference sensors is embedded on the two sides or legs holding the printing head mechanism, very similar to tag sensors at shop exit.

I was thinking of orthogonal constrained rotation of the printer so that it can print length wise as seen in the sketch. When the Y axis has to be printed the printer rotates at plus minus 90 degrees. In accordance with what I had proposed earlier, the printed component will be irrespective of being millimeter or meter dimensions depending on the size of the switchable nozzle.

3D Printer Model

Being a sketch only it has to go all the way in design iterations. Time vs Money!

Ayk Space

Industrie 4.0

May 2 6 min read

I am quoting transcript of Mr Olivier Scalabre from Aug `16 TED talk. He said

Guys, we have an issue.

Growth is fading away, and it’s a big deal. Our global economy stops growing. And it’s not new. Growth has actually declined for the last 50 years. If we continue like this, we need to learn how to live in a world with no growth in the next decade. This is scary because when the economy doesn’t grow, our children don’t get better lives. What’s even scarier is that when the pie does not grow, each of us get a smaller piece. We’re then ready to fight for a bigger one. This creates tensions and serious conflicts. Growth matters a lot.

f we look at the history of growth, times of big growth have always been fueled by big manufacturing revolutions. It happened three times, every 50–60 years. The steam engine in the middle of the 19th century, the mass-production model in the beginning of the 20th century — thanks, Mr. Ford. And the first automation wave in the 1970s.

Why did these manufacturing revolutions create huge growth in our economies? Because they have injected huge productivity improvement. It’s rather simple: in order to grow, you need to be producing more, putting more into our economy. This means either more labor or more capital or more productivity. Each time, productivity has been the growth lever.

I’m here today to tell you that we are on the verge of another huge change, and that this change, surprisingly enough, is going to come from manufacturing, again. It will get us out of our growth slumpand it will change radically the way globalization has been shaped over the last decade. I’m here to tell you about the amazing fourth manufacturing revolution that is currently underway.

It’s not as if we’ve done nothing with manufacturing since the last revolution. Actually, we’ve made some pretty lame attempts to try to revitalize it. But none of them have been the big overhaul we really need to get us growing again. For example, we’ve tried to relocate our factories offshore in order to reduce cost and take advantage of cheap labor. Not only did this not inspire productivity, but it only saved money for a short period of time, because cheap labor didn’t stay cheap for long. Then, we’ve tried to make our factories larger and we specialized them by product. The idea was that we can make a lot of one productand stockpile it to be sold with demand.

Yet, with all of their shortcomings, those are the factories we know today. When you open the doors, they look the same as they did 50 years ago. We’ve just changed the location, the size, the way they operate.Can you name anything else that looks the same as it did 50 years ago? It’s crazy. We’ve made all the tweaks to the model that we could, and now we hit its limits.

After all of our attempts to fix the manufacturing model failed, we thought growth could come from elsewhere. We turned to the tech sector — there’s been quite a lot of innovations there. Just to name one: the Internet. We hoped it could produce growth. And indeed, it changed our lives. It made big waves in the media, the service, the entertainment spaces. But it hasn’t done much for productivity. Actually, what’s surprising is that productivity is on the decline despite all of those innovation efforts. Imagine that — sitting at work, scrolling through Facebook, watching videos on YouTube has made us less productive. Weird.

This is why we are not growing. We failed at reinventing the manufacturing space, and large technological innovations have played away from it. But what if we could combine those forces? What if the existing manufacturing and large technological innovation came together to create the next big manufacturing reinvention.

Bingo! This is the fourth manufacturing revolution, and it’s happening right now. Major technologies are entering the manufacturing space, big time. They will boost industrial productivity by more than a third.This is massive, and it will do a lot in creating growth. Let me tell you about some of them.

Have you already met advanced manufacturing robots? They are the size of humans, they actually collaborate with them, and they can be programmed in order to perform complex, non-repetitive tasks.Today in our factories, only 8 percent of the tasks are automated. The less complex, the more repetitive ones. It will be 25 percent in 10 years. It means that by 2025, advanced robots will complement workersto be, together, 20 percent more productive, to manufacture 20 percent more outputs, to achieve 20 percent additional growth.

This isn’t some fancy, futuristic idea. These robots are working for us right now. Last year in the US, they helped Amazon prepare and ship all the products required for Cyber Monday, the annual peak of online retail. Last year in the US, it was the biggest online shopping day of the year and of history. Consumers spent 3 billion dollars on electronics that day. That’s real economic growth.

Then there’s additive manufacturing, 3D printing. 3D printing has already improved plastic manufacturingand it’s now making its way through metal. Those are not small industries. Plastic and metals represent 25 percent of global manufacturing production

Let’s take a real example. In the aerospace industry, fuel nozzles are some of the most complex parts to manufacture, for one reason: they are made up of 20 different parts that need to be separately producedand then painstakingly assembled. Aerospace companies are now using 3D printing, which allows them to turn those 20 different parts into just one. The results? 40 percent more productivity, 40 percent more output produced, 40 percent more growth for this specific industry.

But actually, the most exciting part of this new manufacturing revolution goes much beyond productivity.It’s about producing better, smarter products. It’s about scale customization. Imagine a world where you can buy the exact products you want with the functionalities you need, with the design you want, with the same cost and lead time as a product that’s been mass produced, like your car, or your clothes or your cell phone. The new manufacturing revolution makes it possible.

Advanced robots can be programmed in order to perform any product configuration without any setup time or ramp up. 3D printers instantaneously produce any customized design. We are now able to produce a batch of one product, your product, at the same cost and lead time as a batch of many. Those are only a few examples of the manufacturing revolution at play.

Not only will manufacturing become more productive, it will also become more flexible, and those were exactly the elements of growth that we are missing. But actually, there are even some bigger implicationsfor all of us when manufacturing will find its way back into the limelight. It will create a huge macroeconomic shift.

First, our factories will be relocated into our home markets. In the world of scale customization, consumer proximity is the new norm.

Then, our factories will be smaller, agile. Scale does not matter anymore, flexibility does. They will be operating on a multi-product, made-to-order basis. The change will be drastic.

Globalization will enter a new era. The East-to-West trade flows will be replaced by regional trade flows.East for East, West for West. When you think about that, the old model was pretty much insane. Piling up stocks, making products travel the whole world before they reach their end consumers. The new model, producing just next to the consumer market, will be much cleaner, much better for our environment. In mature economies, manufacturing will be back home, creating more employment, more productivity and more growth. Good news, isn’t it?

But here’s the thing with growth — it does not come automatically. Mature economies will have to seize it. We’ll have to massively re-train our workforce. In most countries, like in my country, France, we’ve told our children that manufacturing had no future. That it was something happening far away. We need to reverse that and teach manufacturing again at university. Only the countries that will boldly transform will be able to seize this growth.

It’s also a chance for developing economies. Of course China and other emerging economies won’t be the factory of the world anymore. Actually, it was not a sustainable model in the long term, as those countries are becoming richer. Last year, it was already as expensive to produce in Brazil as to produce in France. By 2018, manufacturing costs in China will be on par with the US.

The new manufacturing revolution will accelerate the transition of those emerging economies towards a model driven by domestic consumption. And this is good, because this is where growth will be created.In the next five years, the next billion consumers in China will inject more growth in our economies than the top five European markets together.

This fourth manufacturing revolution is a chance for all of us. If we play it right, we’ll see sustainable growth in all of our economies. This means more wealth distributed to all of us and a better future for our children.


Ayk Space

Unicorn SG

Aug 3 6 min read

I had a vision of selling game boxes to young people who are in school. The game provide fun to the parents and learning for young kids playing indoors. The game is fun for parents and bring the child out of him or her. A game that a person can hold, touch be proud of as well as be total fun while in leisure. Anybody family or friends upon seeing the well designed box like a gift would want one for himself.

The game (mehjda / mehzda) mehzade is not a simple game. Mehzade scratches the grey cells and would yearn respect among the players and followers. Its far from easy and ordinary and would instil discipline about the play. This would put parents to inspire young ones and family member to play together. The time spent would be interesting and a learning.

We would describe the physical features of Mehzade to you, First of all Mehzade is an indoor strategy game with slight difficulty level or slightly difficult than rest of the games we are used to. This is a multiplayer game. I would want this game to be on the table of drawing room of every family. People should not only purchase this for playing but for displaying it as well. Mehzade does have a strong face value.

We would want this physical asset to interact with phone and internet leaderboard. Internet of Things IOT or internet connected definitely. Even when player is single the Mehzade box will be able to interact with portal or fellow internet community. We will discuss the internet feature later. It should be kept in mind at all times during the production of each boxes. This is a very vast topic and would be dealt with serious time separate from the physical asset production.

Mehzade would be sold online using ecommerce sites and a launch website. The production, awareness and support would be developed in blog like fashion.

But foremost the detailed ideation, construction and strategy would be transcribed later. Only the document version of the product development has been imposed. The completion of the detailed 300 page manuscript is a priority. Even the product does not go into production, the literature would not leave any stone unturned to dream and serialise on paper. This manuscript is not written by a struggling author but by a king who has no qualms of restriction in resources whether time, money or people. But the end product would be very cheap to market in large quantities.

This transcript uses all the latest tech innovations and latest business standards with all the science and cutting edge capabilities yet practical enough to be produced that see the light of the day.

Solar 3D and Patent

Apr 21 2 min read
Solar 3D

Following unconventional design of the solar panel is Solar 3D. The panels are arranged in a geometry called dodecahedron which is a polyhedron with 12 flat faces. Each face has 5 edges a pentagon with 30 edges and 20 vertices.

When Solar 3D can be spin at a nominal velocity to receive ample sunlight on a face over a pole mast like a dandelion stem installed after mile km along highways to power any EV make model. Surface area is given by equation A = SQRT(25 + 10xSQRT(5)) x a2 Commercial solar second generation cell of 2W has 14 cm by 12 cm or 0.0168 sq m.For a power capacity of redacted kW, the radius of inscribed sphere which toggles the middle of each face say r. Is given by a = 4 * (3 + SQRT(5)) or 1.31a. Deducting r from various equations not shown for brevity turns out to be equal 1.2969m. The diameter of the inscribed sphere will be twice radius or 2.5938m.

Clearly the real estate area consumed by solar 3D required for installation would be square of diameter or 6.72779844 sq m. In comparison the available flat versions with same redacted power will take 20.16 sq m.

Solar 3D will take 0.33 or one third area by conventional solar panels seen on rooftops.

If 1/3rd reduction in installation area for a given power output of solar panels will also reduce end user installation costs. Analogy wise what took a small living room 10 by 12 sqft sized solar panel to be reduced to a balcony.

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The invisible Emission and Economics

Apr 21 3 min read

Is it possible to drive a vehicle without a radiator? If not, why? Do you think the emissions coming out of internal combustion engines are gases coming out of exhaust. There is an invisible emission which comes from the front, the inglorious Heat Energy. Any engine consumes gasoline and produces Torque and Heat. Most efficient engines produce most efficient heat by simple principle of Energy Conservation with few miles along the way. We calculate emission from back but do we calculate emission from front of a vehicle. The invisible emission in the form of heat energy goes in heating the air surrounding the vehicles. Turn on the vehicle air conditioning and torque reduces. Does emission reduce? Nope, the invisible emission, the mythical God, Pure Heat. The burning airball rises up and stays there few hundred feet above the ground devouring all the precipitation.

How does it affect the economics. Last week the technology epoch switched to EV. The AI and Self Driving, ,just gorgeous models surrounding EV, are for pulling crowd. The crème de la crème are chipping their coins for the rest of the world to move within four to five years. Disruption I can see from my intuition is disadvantaged impact on an century old economy bigger than the world itself. The dark angels are hovering for body replacement (cars) and the arteries pumping oxygen read money to it. The half life of a Model had been around 2 years and the insurance increases or people switch. If anyone sees Tesla or Ford Focus on the road, from theory of evolution, everyone will see polymorphic models of Tesla within four to five years.

Click here to view Patent

Where is the infrastructure supporting EVs? Another question where will be the old infrastructure? Brace the impact as infrastructure had been disrupted last week. The invisible energy is trying to transform into newer body. The orientation of Exim will be EVs and infrastructure business support around it. Capital from century old economy will be diverted into transforming itself. So instead of pump stations people or algorithm will search power outlets. The cost of electricity will be determined if its solar or hybrid or grid. The economics has been disrupted and transformed by heat tolerance of batteries. Under the sun everyone has to face the heat. Thank you very much for reading through, sincerely Ayk Space

Method and Apparatus of preserving huge water reservoir from solar evaporation

Apr 22 3 min read

Apparatus and a method for preserving huge water reservoir from solar evaporation using PMMA tiles. The apparatus include a onsite tile generator from PMMA granules and a generator to power the make shift tile manufacturing. The dimensions of the tile is square with edges of 1 feet and width of 3 mm. The important factor is the material is non corrosive and surgical.

Vessel PMMA Tiles


Water reservoir like large dams within states which are near semi arid tropical landlocked regions faces the vapour dissipation. During day time due to intense heat from sun and dry air conditions causes reservoirs like dam supplying populace with electricity and water to evaporate. This causes severe loss to state exchequer and zero compensation to civilian water shortage. This is recurring pattern across countries with growing population and global warming. The important factor is the PMMA is non corrosive and surgical.


The present invention provides makeshift onsite manufacture of small PMMA tiles from electricity generated from the reservoir. Another alternative of the invention is the aspect of manufacturing PMMA tiles using a small solar generator installed on a vessel which can float on water. In the preferred embodiment the PMMA granules are transported onsite from the factory to the operation site. The PMMA tiles are manufactured on stationary makeshift tile manufacturing unit using electricity from reservoir itself. These tiles are then floated by cementing it into larger round modules of a square meter modules with extra tiles stacked on the boundaries to stop it being carried away ashore by wind and waves.

Another aspect of the invention is having a solar based generator and tile manufacturing unit floating over the vessel. The round square meter modules with stacked tiles around boundary are prepared and kowered in the middle of the reservoir spirally. In this aspect the wind and waves can make the modules automatically spread radially ashore with continuous operation to either cover all the reservoir or to a certain percentage leaving the middle portion open to save costs.

The cost of industrial grade PMMA granules is 3.5USD OR 200INR /KG. If a reservoir is of size 30 Acres then the cost would be approximately 26 Billion INR to cover the entire area within half week hypothetically taking into account 16 man hours per day with one operator and full allied support. If the area to be covered is 200sq m to do a pilot or keeping in mind cost and time exigency then the cost would roughly be around 3–4 Million INR taking advantage of the state machinery having access to PMMA factory, transportation and vessel and generators provided with the preferred embodiment.

Another aspect of this invention is modules can be purchased in bulk from the factory and converted into square meter round modules onsite. The main advantage of this scientific approach is PMMA tiles are non corrosive and surgical.